By Ryan Dorn, SouthernSeeds.com

As the days shorten and the crisp air of November signals the garden’s slow descent into dormancy, our thoughts often turn away from the vibrant buzz of summer gardens. However, it’s precisely now, amid the tranquility of fall, that the astute gardener plants the seeds of next year’s oasis. It’s a time for reflection, for planning, and for envisioning the bustling life that will once again fill our green spaces with the return of spring.

Though the buzz of mosquitoes is far from our minds as we bundle up and enjoy the cool, bug-free air, it’s never too early to consider natural defenses for your future garden. Strategically planning your plantings to include mosquito-repelling flora can transform your spring and summer gardens into havens of peace. Picture this: it’s the first warm evening of the year, you’re lounging in your garden, and thanks to your foresight, the air is free from the hum of mosquitoes—a small, yet significant luxury afforded by thoughtful autumn planning.

Mosquito on kids skin. Insect bite repellent.

Harnessing Nature’s Arsenal Against Mosquitoes

As you embrace the idea of a natural mosquito repellent, it's essential to understand why it's a smart choice. Chemical repellents are not everyone’s cup of tea. They often come with a pungent smell and a cocktail of ingredients that some of us would rather not put on our skin. Plus, let’s be honest, in our increasingly eco-conscious world, the idea of spraying chemicals around our homes feels a bit outdated.

This is where the power of plants shines through. It’s not sorcery—just science. Many plants have developed their own defenses against insects over millions of years of evolution. These botanical defenses can be harnessed to help protect our spaces from mosquitoes. When you choose to grow plants that mosquitoes find repulsive, you’re taking a page from nature’s playbook. It's a way to keep the mosquitoes at bay while also beautifying your space and, bonus points, many of these plants are useful in the kitchen too! Let's dig into the details and find out which plants you should be eyeing for your anti-mosquito arsenal.

The Importance of Mosquito Control

Mosquitoes are more than just unwelcome guests at your summer barbecues; they're also carriers of some of the world's most dangerous diseases. From the Zika virus to West Nile fever, dengue, and malaria, the health risks associated with these pests are significant and global. Protecting your family and community from mosquito bites is not just about comfort; it's a critical health measure.

Striped mosquitoes are eating blood on human skin. Mosquitoes are carriers of dengue fever and malaria.Dengue fever is very widespread during the rainy season.

Moreover, mosquito control contributes to the quality of outdoor living. Imagine enjoying your backyard, patio, or garden without the constant swatting and buzzing of mosquitoes—it's a form of peace that's truly priceless. Effective mosquito management also supports local ecosystems by allowing pollinators to thrive without competition and predation from these pervasive insects.

In essence, mosquito control intersects with public health, environmental stewardship, and personal well-being. Whether you’re hosting a dinner party alfresco or just enjoying a quiet moment outside, maintaining a mosquito-free zone allows everyone to breathe easier, quite literally. This is why integrating mosquito-repelling plants into your garden isn't just a matter of preference, but one of priority.

Strategizing Plant Placement for Optimal Protection

Where you position your plants can be just as important as the plants themselves when it comes to keeping mosquitoes at bay. Strategic placement can enhance the effectiveness of their mosquito-repelling properties, ensuring that these natural deterrents create an invisible shield over your outdoor living areas.

Entrances and Windows: Start by framing your doors and windows with mosquito-repelling plants. These entry points are often where mosquitoes sneak into your home. Plants like lavender and marigold not only look inviting but also act as natural sentinels, deterring these insects from crossing the threshold.

Outdoor Seating Areas: Concentrate your aromatic plants around the perimeters of patios, decks, and other seating areas. Plants such as lemon balm, rosemary, and eucalyptus release scents that are pleasant for humans, but repulsive to mosquitoes, creating a fragrant bubble that enhances your outdoor experience.

Garden Borders: Line the borders of your garden with taller mosquito-repelling plants like citronella grass and lantana. These serve a dual purpose: they add structure and beauty to your garden while also forming a defensive line against flying pests.

Water Features: If you have a pond or birdbath, consider surrounding them with plants like mint and bee balm. Mosquitoes are attracted to water, so having these plants nearby can help prevent them from laying eggs in the water sources in your garden.

Sunny Spots: Many mosquito-repelling plants, such as basil and floss flower, thrive in full sun. Planting them in sunny spots not only promotes healthier plants, but also maximizes their scent release, which is triggered by the warmth of the sun.

Pathways: Integrate plants like sage and thyme along pathways where people brush past them. The gentle disturbance releases more of the plant's oils into the air, making your walk through the garden a mosquito-free experience.

Remember, though, that while these plants can reduce the number of mosquitoes in your area, they're most effective when combined with other mosquito-prevention strategies, like eliminating standing water and using mosquito nets. The right plant in the right place can make all the difference, turning your garden into a sanctuary rather than a battleground.

The Top 15 Mosquito Repellent Plants

In our quest for a peaceful coexistence with nature, certain plants have emerged as our fragrant allies. These botanical guardians are not only an aesthetic addition to our gardens, but also a functional defense against mosquitoes. Let's delve into the top 15 mosquito-repelling plants based on effectiveness.

1. Catnip (Nepeta cataria)

Catnip Flowers (Nepeta Cataria) Blossoming in a Garden on Sunny Summer Day.

Catnip isn't just a feline favorite; it's also one of the heavy hitters in the mosquito-repelling plant league. Containing nepetalactone, a compound far more potent than DEET, catnip effectively wards off mosquitoes with its robust scent. Its easy-to-grow nature and appealing lavender blooms make it a dual-purpose plant—providing both aesthetic charm and a formidable shield against pesky invaders. Planting catnip can ensure a serene outdoor space where the buzz of mosquitoes is notably absent.

2. Citronella Grass (Cymbopogon nardus)

Citronella grass closeup image.

Citronella Grass, often confused with its cousin Lemongrass due to their similar appearances, is the real deal when it comes to mosquito repelling. This plant is the primary source of citronella oil, a natural insect deterrent. Its tall and slender leaves emanate a strong citrus fragrance that mosquitoes find particularly off-putting. Citronella Grass thrives in full sun and well-drained locations, making it a practical choice for sunny borders and outdoor living areas where mosquito control is desired. Add this plant to your garden for its elegant form and protective qualities.

3. Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus)

Closeup of lemon grass plant.

Lemon Grass, with its tall, graceful stalks and refreshing citrus aroma, is a favorite in culinary and landscaping circles alike. But it's not just its flavor that's noteworthy—lemon grass is packed with citronella oil, a natural mosquito deterrent. Its robust scent masks attractant odors humans emit, making it harder for mosquitoes to find their next meal. Growing lemon grass around patios or in pots provides both a practical and ornamental barrier against these pesky insects.

4. Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.)

Eucalyptus plant baby blue - Eucalyptus little boy blue

Eucalyptus is not just for koalas—it's a powerful plant for keeping mosquitoes at bay. This fast-growing tree exudes a potent menthol-like fragrance thanks to its rich essential oil content, which is known to confuse and repel mosquitoes. Eucalyptus oil is often found in natural insect repellent formulations. Planting eucalyptus in your garden can serve as a long-term solution to mosquito problems, while also providing an attractive, aromatic backdrop and shade.

5. Marigold (Tagetes spp.)

Marigolds (Tagetes erecta, Mexican marigold, Aztec marigold, African marigold)

Marigolds are bright and cheerful companions in any garden, and their mosquito-repelling abilities are an added bonus. These flowers produce pyrethrum, an ingredient found in many insect repellents, which makes them natural deterrents for mosquitoes. Moreover, marigolds are incredibly easy to grow and can be a stunning border that keeps pests at bay. Their unmistakable fragrance, while pleasing to gardeners, is a natural olfactory shield against mosquitoes.

6. Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)

Closeup of lavender in a field.

Lavender isn’t just celebrated for its calming scent and lovely purple hues; it's also a formidable foe against mosquitoes. This herb produces a soothing aroma that we adore, but mosquitoes find repellent. The oil found in lavender flowers has been used for centuries to prevent bites and, when planted in sunny spots around the garden or near seating areas, it can help create a mosquito-free zone. Furthermore, lavender is drought-resistant once established, making it a fuss-free addition to your anti-mosquito arsenal.

7. Rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis)

Rosemary in a flower pot

Rosemary is a culinary delight and a mosquito-repelling powerhouse all rolled into one. Its thick, woody scent is exactly what keeps biting critters at bay. Planting rosemary not only adds an evergreen aesthetic to your garden, but also provides a natural bug repellent. It thrives in hot, dry climates and can be grown in containers for easy moving, which is ideal for rearranging your plant-based repellents as needed. Plus, it’s a perennial herb, ensuring your garden is equipped year after year with natural protection.

8. Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

Closeup of a potted basil plant with a wood background.

Basil is not just for your pesto or pizza; it's a fragrant herb that mosquitoes find utterly off-putting. The strong scent that makes basil so appealing in the kitchen is the same quality that repels mosquitoes. This plant is particularly potent against mosquito species that carry dangerous diseases such as Zika and West Nile virus. Easy to grow in pots or a garden bed, basil is a versatile addition to your anti-mosquito arsenal and your culinary herb collection. Keep a pot near your outdoor seating area to enjoy its protective ambiance.

9. Citronella Geranium (Pelargonium citrosum)

Citronella plant are natural mosquito repellent with it scented nature

The Citronella Geranium, often called the Mosquito Plant, has a robust citronella scent that's a red flag for mosquitoes. Though not as effective as the actual Citronella grass, its lemony fragrance can still help in keeping these pests at bay. This geranium is especially good for patio planters and borders where its scent can mingle with the breeze, creating a mosquito-unfriendly zone. Moreover, its pretty foliage and occasional blooms add aesthetic value to gardens and outdoor living spaces.

10. Bee Balm (Monarda didyma)

Closeup of monarda didyma or scarlet bee balm flowers.

Bee Balm, with its showy flowers and fragrant foliage, isn't just a hit with pollinators—it's also adept at keeping mosquitoes at a distance. The secret lies in its essential oils, which have been found to have repellent properties. By planting Bee Balm, you can add a splash of color to your garden while creating an unwelcoming environment for those pesky biters. Plus, it's a perennial, which means you'll see the benefits year after year with the right care.

11. Mints

Hands cupped around mint leaves on a mint plant.

Mint is a powerhouse in the garden, not just for its culinary versatility, but also for its mosquito-repelling abilities. The strong fragrance of mint leaves, which comes from the essential oil menthol, is less than welcoming to mosquitoes. Whether it's peppermint, spearmint, or any other variety, mint spreads quickly, so it can create a fragrant barrier against these flying pests. Additionally, having a bunch of fresh mint on hand is always a plus for summer drinks and dishes!

12. Floss Flower (Ageratum spp.)

 Floss Flower ageratum closeup

The floss flower, or Ageratum, offers more than just its eye-catching, fluffy blooms; it contains coumarin, a scent that mosquitoes find particularly off-putting. This compound is widely used in commercial mosquito repellents, which hints at the plant's effectiveness. Floss flowers are easy to grow and their extended blooming period makes them an excellent addition to a mosquito-repelling garden lineup, keeping your outdoor spaces more comfortable throughout the season.

13. Sage (Salvia spp.)

Closeup of Sage leaves

Sage, known scientifically as Salvia, isn't just for cooking; it's a mosquito's bane, especially when the leaves are dried and burned. The smoke from sage not only adds a pleasant aroma to your evening bonfire, but also acts as an effective mosquito deterrent. This hardy herb thrives with minimal fuss, and its presence in your garden provides a dual benefit: a culinary boost and a natural shield against those pesky insects.

14. Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

Leaves of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) plant.

Lemon balm, with its citrusy scent, is a magnet for gardeners, but a repellent for mosquitoes. This member of the mint family contains high levels of citronellal, an oil that mosquitoes find particularly off-putting. Easy to grow and a prolific spreader, lemon balm can be a delightful addition to any garden or balcony pot, doubling as a garnish or tea ingredient while keeping the buzzing nuisances at bay. Lemon balm is so effective that we featured it in our July 2022 subscription box with an amazing recipe for creating DIY chemical free mosquito repellant. If you missed that box, don't worry because we plant to start blogging about medicinal recipes in the near future.

15. Lantana

Colorful lantana flowers in a raised garden.

Lantana's vibrant clusters of flowers are more than just eye candy in your garden; they're a formidable foe against mosquitoes. This plant produces a distinct aroma which mosquitoes find unpleasant. While its leaves and stems are slightly toxic to pets and children if ingested, it’s this very trait that helps deter mosquitoes. Lantana is also drought-resistant and thrives in full sun, making it an excellent choice for gardeners looking for low-maintenance yet effective repellent options.

Wrapping Things Up!

As we close the chapter into the world of mosquito-repelling plants, remember that the green warriors in your garden serve a dual purpose—they beautify your space and fortify it against unwelcome flying pests. Whether you're drawn to the robust fragrances of lavender and rosemary or the striking visual appeal of marigolds and bee balm, each plant comes with its own special brand of mosquito-repelling prowess. By choosing any combination of these botanical sentinels, you're not just adding to the aesthetic value of your surroundings, but also investing in a peaceful, itch-free outdoor experience.

At the heart of our gardening endeavors is the desire for a slice of nature that is as pleasurable as it is practical. Should questions or curiosities arise as you embark on your mosquito-proofing mission, remember that we at Southern Seeds are your ever-present gardening allies. We're just a message away, ready to help you cultivate a lush, vibrant, and pest-reduced sanctuary. So, plant with confidence and enjoy the countless benefits that come from gardening in harmony with nature's own pest control solutions.

 

Southern Seed Exchange logo

Comments

Jane said:

I need something for the north side of the house that’s in perpetual shade.

Catherine Herr said:

Hi, just read your article on Mosquito Repellent Plants. Thank you for sharing. I was wondering if you had what I’m looking for? I saw the seed list, and I want to order some of those and more, like plants of the ones that you don’t have in seed stock. But I’m also looking for some other plants that I didn’t see listed. Like, St. John’s Wart,? If not, do you know where I can get it? Thank you,Catherine

Leave a comment

Please note: comments must be approved before they are published.