By Ryan Dorn,

Ah, the fall garden, the underappreciated sibling to the spring and summer gardens. While most of us traditionally think of gardening as a spring and summer endeavor, fall gardens offer a whole host of opportunities and rewards. What could be more satisfying than harvesting crisp, fresh vegetables while surrounded by the rich colors of autumn? Let's dive in and uncover the charm of the fall garden.

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The Bounty of Fall: Understanding a Fall Garden

As the summer season wanes and the pumpkin-spiced everything starts making its way onto the shelves, many people's minds turn to visions of gourds and pumpkins. While these are indeed emblematic of fall, they actually need to be planted much earlier in the year due to their long maturation time. A common misconception is that these long-maturity crops are the mainstay of fall gardening, but that's not what we're focusing on in this post.

The fall garden we're discussing here is about plants that can be started in late summer or early fall, and harvested within the cooler fall months. These aren't the crops that require upwards of six months to mature, but rather, those with quicker maturation times that make them ideal for a fall harvest. This enables gardeners to extend their growing season well into the autumn months and reap an extra harvest before the year's end.

So, when we talk about a fall garden, we're essentially speaking about a second opportunity, a bonus round for gardeners. It's about seizing the tail-end of the warm weather and using it to produce a fresh bounty of veggies and greens that thrive in the crisp autumn air. Now, doesn't that sound like a fruitful way to welcome the changing leaves and sweater weather? Stay tuned as we delve into how to create and care for your own fall garden.

Why Embark on a Fall Gardening Journey?

Starting a fall garden opens up a world of unique possibilities. It's not just an extension of summer but a different journey altogether with its own set of flavorful crops, vibrant blooms, and cooler weather perks.

The milder temperatures make for a pleasant gardening experience, less stressful for both the gardener and the plants. It extends your harvest season, giving you fresh produce well beyond summer. Plus, the drop in pests and diseases in fall takes a bit of weight off maintenance.

And let's not forget about soil health. The fall crops help guard against soil erosion in winter and enrich your garden's soil fertility. Lastly, a well-curated fall garden adds a dash of charm to your landscape during the cooler months, making your garden a year-round retreat.

Sowing for Autumn: Timing Your Fall Garden

Starting a fall garden is all about timing. You need to consider the number of days to maturity for each plant you want to grow and count backward from your area's expected first frost date. This calculation will give you the ideal planting time. For instance, if a beet variety takes about 60 days to reach maturity and your first frost date is expected on October 30, you'd aim to sow those beet seeds around the start of September... 60 days before that date. The goal is to give your plants enough time to reach full maturity before the harshest winter weather arrives.

When in doubt, our friends over at Gardenate have created an amazing calculator to help you with timing. Just enter your USDA Zone, select the month and it will give you an incredible schedule. We can't recommend it enough.

Gardenate Garden Schedule - Southern Seed Exchange

Keep in mind that quick-maturing crops are generally the best candidates for fall gardens. Lettuce, radishes, and spinach, for example, all have relatively short days to maturity and do well in cooler temperatures.

The Frost Factor: Sweetening Up Your Veggies

It might sound counterintuitive, but a little frost can actually benefit certain vegetables. Cold temperatures can trigger some plants to produce sugars, a natural form of antifreeze that helps protect their cells from freezing damage. This response can make frost-kissed crops like kale, parsnips, and Brussels sprouts taste noticeably sweeter and more flavorful.

Tending to Autumn's Bounty: Maintaining a Fall Garden

Maintaining a fall garden can be a different experience compared to caring for a spring or summer garden. As you'll likely be starting your fall garden in late summer, watering will be crucial. Most vegetables require about an inch of water per week, and during hot, dry periods, you may need to water more frequently. Mulching around your plants can help conserve moisture and keep the soil cool.

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Pest and disease management is also essential. Keep a close eye on your plants and take action at the first sign of trouble. Utilize organic pest control methods and remove any diseased plants to prevent the problem from spreading.

Autumn's Finest: The Best Fall Garden Vegetables

Fall gardens open the doors to a wide variety of delicious, nutritious vegetables. Here are some great options to consider:

  • Kale: Try the 'Black Magic' or 'Red Russian' varieties. These hardy greens actually sweeten with a touch of frost.
  • Spinach: 'Bloomsdale' and 'Giant Noble' spinach are excellent for fall harvests. They will continue to grow until a hard freeze.
  • Arugula: Varieties like Garden Arugula and 'Rocket' thrive in the cooler temperatures of fall.
  • Collards: Try the 'Georgia' or 'Champion' varieties. Like kale, they can withstand some frost.
  • Radishes: 'Purple Plum' and 'French Breakfast' radishes grow quickly and can be harvested multiple times in the season.
  • Turnips: 'Purple Top White Globe' turnips are perfect for a late season harvest.
  • Beets: 'Detroit Dark Red' and 'Chioggia' beets can be sown late and harvested in the fall.
  • Carrots: 'Danvers' and 'Nantes' carrots are ideal for fall harvest. They can be left in the ground and harvested as needed.
  • Swiss Chard: The 'Rainbow' and 'Ruby Red' varieties are both colorful and cold-hardy. Likewise, Rhubarb 'Glaskins Perpetual' is an amazing choice.
  • Lettuce: Try 'Buttercrunch' or 'Tom Thumb' lettuce for a fresh salad even as the temperatures drop.

Each of these plants has its own unique growing requirements, so do your research to ensure a successful harvest. Like always, you want to subtract the days to maturity from the fall frost date to ensure the timing is right.

Fall Gardening: Not Just for Veggies

The garden's bounty in autumn isn't only about vegetables, even though they often steal the show. There's a whole world of herbs and flowers out there that relish the cooler temperatures of fall. Here are some standout choices for your fall garden:


  • Parsley: This versatile herb enjoys cooler weather, and both the curly leaf and flat-leaf varieties are good choices for your fall garden.
  • Cilantro: Enjoy fresh cilantro throughout the fall by sowing seeds every few weeks for a continuous harvest.
  • Dill: This aromatic herb grows quickly and doesn't mind the cooler temperatures, making it a perfect fall herb.


  • Pansies: These vibrant flowers thrive in the cooler temperatures of fall. Their bright hues can add color to your garden when other plants are winding down and if you're starving for something other than oranges and reds, this is your ticket.
  • Mums: Chrysanthemums, or mums, are classic fall flowers. They're perennial in some zones, which means they can provide beauty year after year.
  • Asters: These star-shaped flowers such as 'New England' bloom in the fall, adding color and attracting pollinators to your garden.
  • Ornamental Kale and Cabbage: While they're technically vegetables, ornamental varieties of kale and cabbage are often grown for their colorful, decorative leaves that become more vibrant as the temperatures drop.

Diversifying your garden with these herbs and flowers can bring extra beauty and functionality to your outdoor space in the fall. Plus, who can resist the charm of fresh herbs and flowers, even as the weather cools down? Now that you're armed with knowledge about fall gardening, it's time to get out there and sow those seeds. Good luck, and happy gardening!

Seize the Season and Sow Success

In the end, the beauty of gardening lies in the dance with nature's rhythms. A fall garden may seem unorthodox to some, but it offers a chance to extend your harvest and embrace the tranquil beauty of autumn's palette in a practical, productive way.

By making smart choices about what to grow, monitoring water and pest control, and timing your planting just right, you can enjoy the fruits (and vegetables) of your labor long after the traditional gardening season has ended. Remember, each gardening journey is unique, brimming with lessons and bountiful rewards. So, don't let the falling leaves signal the end of your growing season. Instead, view it as a gateway to a new gardening adventure. After all, with a fall garden, the growing season doesn't end when summer does.

Need advice or have questions about fall gardening? Don't hesitate to reach out to us at Southern Seeds. Happy gardening, y'all!

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